Culture

Published on April 22nd, 2008 | by Jeff McIntire-Strasburg

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Eco-Libris: Naked in the Woods — A Book Review

nakedwoodscover.jpgEditor’s note: This week, the folks at Eco-Libris get back their real passion: books. Raz Godelnik Eylon Israely reviews Jim Motavalli’s portrayal of “Nature Man” Joseph Knowles. This post was originally published on Wednesday, April 16, 2008.

A man walks completely naked into the wilderness to survive for two months without any food, human contact, tools or ready made shelter. Sounds like the latest episode of Survivorman? Well, almost. While Survivorman’s Les Stroud is performing quite impressive feats, and is “One man – alone in the wilderness… no food, no shelter, no fresh water, no tools… no camera crew” He is in some ways merely writing another page in the book that Joseph Knowles, the infamous “Nature Man” of Maine, started writing back in 1913. Upon emerging from his ordeal after two months, Knowles became a sensation and triumphantly toured the nation, lecturing about and demonstrating his woodsman survival skills.

In Naked in the Woods, environmental author and journalist Jim Motavalli not only portrays faithfully the life and times of Knowles, and the enthusiasm and controversy around his wilderness exploits, but also opens a window to the era. The author travels with Knowles from the forests of Maine to the Oregon coasts, the newsrooms of Boston to an artists’ driftwood cottage in the Pacific Northwest. Motavalli contextualizes the events in the relationship of humans and nature, Knowles’ life, and the media’s exploitation of popular trends, then and now.

Knowles was quite a character, that’s for sure. Born in 1869, he grew up in Wilton in rural Maine, and by the time he walked naked into the forest in front of the clicks of the newspaper cameras, he had already manged to travel the seas with the navy, learn woodcraft with Native Americans, and establish himself as an artist living in a studio in Boston. Like Les Stroud, Knowles did not need a camera crew with him, but sent dispatches and drawings to the media written with his cookfire charcoal on birch bark. But did he really spend all this time in the wilderness? Or did he retire to a luxurious cabin for two months, courtesy of a newspaper looking to boost its circulation? The book investigates these claims in detail.

Motavalli also explores the reasons for Knowles’ story becoming such a media sensation at the time. Why then? He concludes that the main reason was the American anxiety over losing its frontier at the turn of the century, and transitioning from a rural to an urban society. Nature was slipping away from day-to-day life of the average American in a matter of a generation or two. Knowles the “Nature Man” was there to show the American public that the wilderness and the frontier were still there to face and conquer.

joseph_knowles_1.jpgThis is not only a strict academic study, and Motavalli does not present us with a dense cultural theory. He does, however, flesh out existing cultural history theories about frontier, nature, wilderness and American culture, by using this particular instance to show us how it all played out.

There’s no doubt “Nature Man” loved the forests and the beaches where he lived, but would he be called an environmentalist today? Probably not. When he went into the woods, he wanted to demonstrate that modern man could best nature, hardly part and parcel of today’s green ethos with its more harmonious undertones. But I am sure that he would have a thing or two to say about the bona fides of today’s armchair environmentalists with their cozy REI gear and Coleman gas stoves, and can inspire some of us to follow his lead and go naked into the woods one day. Well, if he really did it, that is.

Title: Naked in the Woods – Joseph Knowles and the Legacy of Frontier Fakery

Link: http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/dacapo/book_detail.jsp?isbn=0786720085

Author: Jim Motavalli

Publisher: Da Capo

Publication Date: January 28, 2008

Pages: 352

See also:

sustainablog: Eco-Libris: Monday Green Book Series — The Enemy of Nature

sustainablog: The Good Book of Green Living: “The Self-Sufficientish Bible”

sustainablog: Environmental Defense Fund: Global Warming’s Silver Lining



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About the Author

Jeff McIntire-Strasburg is the founder and editor of sustainablog. You can keep up with all of his writing at Facebook, and at



  • http:www.yahoo.com Bobby B.

    I was watching a rerun of “American Dad” the other night and the phrase “harmonious undertones” was on display is a big way in this particular episode. The main character’s daughter had unknowingly joined up with some eco-terrorists and their leader was quite the example of being at one with nature. He actually believed that he was a tree trapped in a man’s body. As such, he had planted himself thigh deep in a large pot and had his henchmen carry him around from place to place. It was a riot and I laughed myself silly.

    Anyway, the Dick Proenneke films about his life in Alaska are some that you may enjoy. I’ve seen a couple of them on PBS. Here’s some titles at Amazon:

    http://www.amazon.com/Frozen-North-Dick-Proenneke/dp/B000JLMVQ6/ref=pd_sim_d_img_3

    http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0009PUAFG

  • http://sustainablog.org Jeff McIntire-Strasburg

    He actually believed that he was a tree trapped in a man’s body.

    Now, that’s funny… thanks for sharing that, Bob!

    The Dick Proennke films sounds great… you know, you really ought to check out Garbage Warrior: I think Michael Reynold’s notion of self-reliance would really appeal to you.

  • http:www.yahoo.com Bobby B.

    I checked out some of the Earthship houses on line. Mr. Reynolds has some neat ideas, but I really don’t want to live in a house that looks like it belongs on Luke Skywalker’s home plant of Tatooine.

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